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City Guide

BSBF 2024 welcomes you in Trieste, where culture and beauty seamlessly converge.

Situated at the crossroads of diverse cultures and traditions, Trieste stands as one of Italy’s most cosmopolitan cities. Its profound history finds expression in its unique tapestry of languages, communities, cultures, and faiths, allowing you to distinctly sense the harmonious synthesis of its Central European and Mediterranean identities.

discover the host city


Trieste, the capital city of the Friuli Venezia Giulia region in northeast Italy, occupies a narrow strip of land nestled between the Adriatic coast and Slovenia's border. A unique interplay of geographical and historical elements renders Trieste a captivating and singular destination. Its cultural tapestry is remarkably diverse, weaving together influences from Roman, Balkanic, Venetian, Austrian, Greek, and Jewish origins.

For centuries, Trieste reigned as one of the Mediterranean’s most prosperous seaports, and it held the esteemed titles of a literary and musical capital. Following a period of decline post-World War I, the city experienced a remarkable economic revival in the 1970s, fostering the flourishing of various industries.

A city committed to the pursuit of knowledge.
Trieste proudly holds the name of being the European city with the highest ratio of researchers per inhabitants.

Within its borders, you’ll find an unparalleled concentration of scientific institutes, that have not only shaped the city’s intellectual landscape but have also garnered global recognition for their contributions to various fields of study.

Among its illustrious institutions, the prestigious International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP), the renowned International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA), the groundbreaking International Centre for Science and High Technology (ICS). Moreover, Trieste is home to ELETTRA Sincrotrone, a pioneering facility at the forefront of research in fields ranging from oceanography and geophysics to astrophysics and biotechnology.

In 2020, Trieste was honored with the title of European Capital of Science.

Miramare Castle

Miramare Castle stands as an iconic heritage of the opulent life of Archduke Ferdinand Maximilian of Habsburg. This magnificent white castle offers a breathtaking view of the sea and is enveloped by an expansive park, graced by rare and exotic tree species meticulously gathered by the Archduke himself during his scientific expeditions across the globe.

The Miramare Castle is surrounded by the marine protected area, a thriving sanctuary of marine biodiversity. It lies at the foot of Miramare Park and Castle, acknowledged as a UNESCO-recognized Biosphere Reserve, for the harmonious coexistence between humanity and the pristine natural world.

What's on in town?

Your guide to what’s on and things to do around Trieste: exhibitions, events, art and culture, attractions, shopping, restaurants, tours, bars!  

How to get around the city?

Trieste has an efficient public transportation system consisting of buses, making it easy to explore its attractions and neighborhoods.