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Visits to Research Infrastructures

Elettra Sincrotrone Trieste

Elettra Sincrotrone Trieste is a multidisciplinary research center open to the international research community with two lightsources, specialized in generating high quality synchrotron and free-electron laser light and applying it in materials and life sciences.

The third-generation radiation facility Elettra has been serving the national and international scientific and industrial communities starting from 1993, with continuous upgrades up to the present day. In the storage ring, electrons traveling at nearly the speed of light through undulators, wigglers and bending magnets produce synchrotron radiation, a light ten billion times brighter than that supplied by conventional radiation sources, with tunable wavelength spanning from the infrared to hard x-rays. Beamlines collect and transport this radiation to 28 experimental stations, where the secrets of matter are revealed thanks to investigation techniques based on spectroscopy, diffraction, absorption, scattering and imaging. Research is carried out in fields ranging from physics to chemistry, from biology to life and environmental sciences, from medicine to cultural heritage. Elettra is  going to be replaced by the new Elettra 2.0 facility in 2026, The Italian government is funding the Elettra 2.0 upgrade with 170 million euros for machine and beamlines and 29 million euros for physical plant upgrade.

FERMI (acronym for Free Electron laser Radiation for Multidisciplinary Investigations) is the seeded free electron laser (FEL) facility in operation for external users next to the third-generation synchrotron radiation facility Elettra. Unique among the FEL sources currently operating in the ultraviolet and soft x-ray range worldwide, FERMI has been developed to provide fully coherent ultrashort (10-100 femtosecond) pulses with a peak brightness ten billion times higher than that made available by third-generation light sources. FERMI opens unique opportunities for exploring the structure and transient states of condensed matter, soft matter and low-density matter using a variety of diffraction, scattering and spectroscopy techniques.

 Both Elettra and FERMI are included in the Italian National Research Infrastructure Plan 2021-2027 adopted with Ministerial Decree no. 1082 of 10 September 2021 among the few European category research infrastructures (IR-EU). With a total of 34 beamlines and experimental stations utilized every year by thousands of scientists from over 50 different countries, they constitute a leading international research facility at the forefront of materials and biomaterials science. Currently on site are hosted permanent research groups from the National Research Council, Forschungszentrum Jülich, the International Atomic Energy Agency, the Indian Institute of Science (Bangalore, India), the National Institute of Material Physics (Magurele, Romania).

Visitors will gain insight into the forefront of scientific research and witness the applications of synchrotron radiation in fields such as physics, chemistry, biology, and materials science. The tour will also offer visitors the opportunity to understand the facility’s upgrade projects.


Located in the Karst area near Trieste, Kyma is a leading provider of Permanent Magnet devices.

Since its establishment in 2007, Kyma has been dedicated to crafting cutting-edge insertion devices for light sources, earning recognition from the global scientific community. Kyma provides a wide range of services and equipment tailored to the most demanding needs.

The state-of-the-art facility in Sežana, Slovenia, serves as innovation hub, equipped with specialized tools for magnetic measurements and characterization.

In the Magnetic Laboratory, a spacious 660 m2 production hall with a 220 m thermally controlled chamber. The team meticulously designs, assembles, and measures magnets using advanced systems like the Stretched Wire Bench and custom High Precision Stretched Wire measurement systems.

The facility also features two Hall probe and flip-coil benches for capturing magnetic field profiles, along with a 38 m2 cleanroom for assembling in-vacuum structures.

Area Science Park T1-T2
S.S. 14 km 163,500 in
Area Science Park 34149
Basovizza, Trieste